Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with several connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but at times also for lounging,[2] also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and materials.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][six] The first pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans during East India Business rule in India.[7][eight]

The worldwide use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, along with the British affect on the wider Western planet through the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western entire world as sleeping attire for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an pidžame post of dishabille and of night apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good several Other people within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is pidžame currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]


Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Lots of individuals choose to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys will often be offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.

Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of pidžame the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be alternatively rare.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[15] of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly within the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Usually worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.

Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of quick gown prime in excess of shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may possibly currently seek advice from Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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